Carolyn Christov-Bakargiev (born December 2, 1957, in Ridgewood, New Jersey, US) is a writer and curator based in Rome, Kassel, and New York. She is Artistic Director of dOCUMENTA (13), taking place in Kassel, Germany, from June 9 to September 16, 2012. She was the Artistic Director for the 16th Biennale of Sydney (2008) and the co-curator of the first Turin Triennial in 2005. Previously, she organised exhibitions as an independent curator in Europe, and was Senior Curator of Exhibitions at P.S.1 Contemporary Art Center – A MoMA Affiliate in New York from 1999 to 2001, where she initiated and co-curated the first edition of “Greater New York” in 2000, a collaboration with MoMA, that marked a generation of new art. Following this tenure, Christov-Bakargiev was Chief Curator at the Castello di Rivoli Museo d’Arte Contemporanea, Turin from 2002 to 2009, where she curated "The Moderns" (2003) and "Faces in the Crowd" (2004), among other exhibitions.
As a writer, she has been interested in the relations between historical avant-gardes and contemporary art and has written extensively on the Arte Povera movement, such as in her book Arte Povera (1999). She published the first monograph on the work of South African artist William Kentridge (1998–99), and the first monograph on Canadian artist Janet Cardiff, including works done in collaboration with George Bures Miller (2001).